|Total Lunar eclipse over El Paso, Texas, on April 15,2014 from 12: 00AM Midnight to 3:35 AM|
Anyway . . . . .
While I'll be discussing the recent total lunar eclipse that I had seen over El Paso, Texas, I shall also be discussing BOTH lunar eclipses AND solar eclipses.
It was during the afternoon of April 14,2014, when I had read a NEWS article on the Internet, that starting at about 2:00 AM, Eastern Daylight Time on April 15,2014, there was going to be a total lunar eclipse. Yeah! I don't have cable TV anymore, or any TV at all, because Time Warner Cable was getting way too expensive. So, now I have to check the NEWS websites on the Internet, and the latest NEWS videos on YouTube.
|A typical VALERO corner store and gas station|
|Moon Pie - Your choice of either chocolate, banana, vanilla, orange, or strawberry|
OK . . . . . no matter where you go, there is always somebody who has to get fucking retarded!!!
Oh really??? Jesus is not coming again, unless he's jacking off!!!! OK? Come on people! This is the 21st century! Let's get over this superstitious bullshit!
OK, Stupidly Alert over . . . . . for now. But, the debunking shall continue . . .
The Blood Moon Prophecy is an idea popularized by Christian pastors John Hagee and Mark Biltz, which states that an ongoing tetrad (a series of four consecutive total lunar eclipses, with six full moons in between, and no intervening partial lunar eclipses) which began with the April 2014 lunar eclipse is a sign of significant things to come. Biltz believes that the Second Coming will coincide with the final eclipse of the tetrad, while Hagee only believes the eclipses are a sign of coming change in the course of history for Israel.
The Blood Moon Prophecy has quickly gained attention on the Internet after Biltz first proposed it in 2008, and gained mainstream media attention as the April 15, 2014 lunar eclipse approached. Despite the attention, few Christians believe the prophecy. It has been criticized by both mainstream Christian sources and secular astronomy blogs. Skeptics point out that tetrads that correspond with Jewish feasts are not as rare as Hagee and Biltz imply, that the eclipses will not be visible in Israel, and that Bible verses such as Matthew 24:36 state that no one knows when the Second Coming will occur and that it will be preceded by a seven year period of intense disaster.
|The moon appeared red during the April 2014 eclipse.|
On April 15, 2014, there was a total lunar eclipse. It was the first of four consecutive total eclipses in a series, known as a tetrad (the remaining three eclipses will take place on October 8, 2014, April 8, 2015, and September 28, 2015). It is one of eight tetrads during the 21st century AD. As with most eclipses, the moon appeared red during the April 15 eclipse.The red color is caused by Rayleigh scattering of sunlight through the Earth's atmosphere, the same effect that causes sunsets to appear red.
In John Hagee's book, Four Blood Moons: Something is about to change, he argues that the timing of the eclipse and subsequent eclipse in the tetrad (all coinciding with Passover and Sukkot) and the "rarity" of a tetrad is strong evidence a major change of course in history will occur. Both Hagee and Biltz note that the last three tetrads to coincide with Passover and Sukkot roughly corresponded with important events in Jewish history: the 1493–94 tetrad roughly aligns with the 1492 expulsion of the Jews from Spain and discovery of the New World; the 1949–50 event roughly corresponds with the re-establishment of the state of Israel in 1948 and the ensuing 1948 Arab-Israeli War; and the 1967–68 tetrad started right before the Six Day War. The tetrad is thus seen a "sign" of things to come. Overall, there have been 62 tetrads since the first century AD, eight of which have coincided with the feasts of Passover and Sukkot.
Biltz goes further than Hagee, equating the eclipse with Joel 2:31. The verse says the moon will turn to blood "before the great and dreadful day of the LORD comes." The probable red appearance of the moon during the April 15 eclipse is thus equated with the verse. He argues that the total solar eclipse of March 20, 2015, which occurs at the start of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, may fulfill the second part of the verse: "and the sun will be turned into darkness". He also assigns significance to the partial solar eclipse of September 13, 2015. Five other verses (Isaiah 13:10, Joel 2:10, Joel 3:15, Matthew 24:29, and Revelation 6:12) are also cited. Biltz predicts that the Second Coming of Jesus will coincide with final eclipse of the tetrad.
When asked, Hagee said the tetrad was not a sign of the end times because those began with Pentecost, 2,000 years ago. Instead he said suggested that Iran is close to producing a nuclear bomb and that either they would succeed or Israel would use military force to stop it, with either scenario altering the course of the nation's and the world's future. Hagee has been preaching against the perceived threat of a nuclear Iran since 2006.
Around 2008, Biltz began teaching that the Second Coming of Jesus would occur in the fall of 2015. He supposedly had "discovered" an astronomical pattern that predicted the next tetrad would coincide with the end times. Thanks in part to Biltz YouTube videos, the idea was quickly picked up by internet blogs, becoming an overnight sensation. He originally wrote that the seven-year Tribulation period would start in the Fall of 2008. When the prediction failed, he pulled the article from his website, but continued to teach on the "significance" of the tetrad.
In 2013, Hagee published Four Blood Moons, accelerating the momentum of Biltz's idea. In October, he appeared on Fox News to promote his book and ideas. In 2014, Biltz published his own book, Blood Moons: Decoding the Imminent Heavenly Signs. A third book, Blood Moons Rising: Bible Prophecy, Israel, and the Four Blood Moons, was published by pastor Mark Hitchcock, but attracted minimal attention. On April 15, 2014, Hagee hosted a special event on the Global Evangelism Television channel promoting his ideas.
As far as Earth & Sky could determine, the use of the term "blood moon" to refer to an eclipse during a tetrad was invented recently, possibly by Hagee.
Despite the attention, it is not clear if many people actually believe the ideas. According to Christian Today, only a "small group of Christians" saw the eclipse as significant.
Writing for Earth & Sky Bruce McClure and Deborah Byrd point out that the referenced verse also says the "sun will be turned into darkness", an apparent reference to a solar eclipse. They note that since the Jewish Calendar is lunar, one sixth of all eclipses will occur during Passover or Sukkot. Furthermore, there have been 62 tetrads since the first century AD and that eight of them have coincided with both the feasts. Thus, the event is not as unusual as Hagee and Biltz imply. Additionally, three of the four eclipses in the tetrad will not even be visible in biblical homeland of Israel, casting further doubt on Hagee and Biltz's interpretation. Writing for Space.com, Geoff Gaherty said he saddened that "'prophets of doom' . . . view these life-enriching events as portents of disaster" and said the eclipse was "hardly something to be concerned about".
In an article for Lamb & Lion Ministries, David Reagan examined the prophecy and found several "red flags". He claims that Biltz' organization is anti-Christian because they discredit the writings of Paul. Reagan points to Bible verses such as Matthew 24:36 and Matthew 25:13 appear to state that no one can determine when Jesus will come again. (Biltz attempts to explain away the referenced verses with novel interpretations.) Regan says a number of prophecies must be fulfilled before the Second Coming can occur, making impossible that it is imminent. He also notes that while it is true the last three Passover-Sukkot tetrads have roughly corresponded with important events, two of the three (the Spanish expulsion of the Jews and Israel's regaining independence as a nation) actually occurred before the tetrad started, making it unlikely it was a "sign" of things to come.
Popular apologetic website Answers in Genesis wrote a piece on Biltz's ideas. Author Danny R. Faulkner said it was possible that God would use an eclipse as a sign. However, he concluded there was no reason to believe this eclipse was one. He argues that eclipses and tetrads are not as rare as Blitz implies, and that a "sign" not visible in Jerusalem is very unlikely to be a sign. Like McClure and Byrd, Falkner notes that one sixth of all lunar eclipses occur on Passover or Sukkot and also notes that one twelfth of all solar eclipses coincide with Nisan 1. He says that the total solar eclipse of 2015 will be seen by virtually no one, as it passes through few inhabited areas, and that the partial solar eclipse will barely be perceptible. He says "just knowing that somewhere some sort of solar eclipses are happening seems to fall far short of being specific and spectacular signs of end times" and concludes "the timing of the eclipses that Biltz draws attention to, while interesting, falls far short" of apocalyptic signs.
2014 Oct 08: Total Lunar Eclipse
2015 Apr 04: Total Lunar Eclipse (During Passover)
2015 Sep 28: Total Lunar Eclipse
2014 Oct 23: Partial Solar Eclipse
2015 Mar 20: Total Solar Eclipse
2015 Sep 13: Partial Solar Eclipse
A total, or partial lunar eclipse occurs only during a full moon when the moon passes through the earth's shadow, and a solar eclipse, total, partial or annular, occurs only during the new moon when the moon passes between the earth and the sun, with the moon casting a shadow onto the surface of the earth.
|A lunar eclipse, either total or partial, occurs only during the full moon|
When something casts a shadow, you'll notice that a shadow has a lighter grey fuzzy edge. The dark part of the shadow is called the umbra, and the lighter grey fuzzy-looking edge of the shadow is called the penumbra. So, during a lunar eclipse, as the moon enters the earth's shadow, first it passes into the penumbra before it passes into the dark umbra. The reason why the moon looks a blood red, even in the darkest part of the umbra, is because of the earths atmosphere, which refracts light around the earth into the umbra. This is the same reason why the sun looks either orange or red when it is setting on the western horizon, or when rising on the eastern horizon.
Now, if you were standing on the moon's surface during a total lunar eclipse, you would see the earth completely cover the sun, and it would look very dark on it's night side, almost black. But you would see a reddish ring around the edges of the dark night side of the earth, and the surface of the moon all around you would be lit up a very dull reddish color. It would not get completely dark on the moon' surface.
|Standing on the moon watching the earth eclipsing the sun. Gee! Wish I could be there!|
Now then, if the earth didn't have an atmosphere, then the penumbra would look a darker grey instead of orange, and the dark umbra would appear black instead of blood red. The moon would become completely invisible during a total lunar eclipse, if the earth didn't have an atmosphere. But then of course, without an atmosphere, and no air to breath, we wouldn't be around to enjoy it. Also, if the earth had no atmosphere, and you were standing on the moon's surface during the total eclipse, there would be no light reaching the ground, and all would be pitch black. But, because of the earth's atmosphere, the moon does not get completely dark during a total lunar eclipse. That's because of the earth's atmosphere refracting some of the light around it into the shadow of the umbra and penumbra.
Now then . . . a solar eclipse occurs only during the new moon when the moon passes between the sun and the earth. Sometime it's a total eclipse, sometimes only a partial eclipse, and sometime an annular eclipse when the sun appears as a bright ring around the edge of the moon. This is because the moon revolves in an elliptical orbit around the sun. So, sometimes the moon is closer and looks a little larger, and sometimes the moon is further away and looks a little smaller.
The moons average distance from is 238,900 miles. Because the moon does not revolve in a circular orbit, but rather, in an elliptical orbit around the earth, then its closest distance to us is 225,622 miles at perigee, and its furthest distance from us is 252,088 miles at apogee. So, sometimes the moon appears a little bit larger than normal, and sometimes it appears a little bit smaller than normal.
|Lunar perigee and apogee size comparison|
|Top: a total solar eclipse of the sun - Bottom: an annular eclipse of the sun|
To see a total solar eclipse, you have to be lucky enough to live along the path of the dark umbra as it moves across the surface of the earth. If only the penumbra passes over where you live, then, you will only see a partial eclipse of the sun. But, because the dark umbra of moon's shadow on the earth is much smaller, not everybody will be lucky enough to see the total solar eclipse, and most people living on the side of the earth facing the sun won't even see the partial eclipse, because the path of the moon's shadow won't be passing over the area where they are located. Only those living in the path of the moon's shadow will see either a total eclipse, or a partial eclipse of the sun.
Now then, during a solar eclipse, if the moon is at its furthest distance from the sun, then the dark umbra of the moon's shadow will not touch down on the earth's surface. Only the lighter grey penumbra will reach the earth's surface. The moon will appear too small to cover the sun, and you will only get to see an annular eclipse with the sun appearing as a bright ring around the edges of the moon. The word annular comes from the Latin word annulus, meaning, ring.
Back in May 20,2012, I got a chance to see my first annular eclipse here in El Paso, Texas. So far, I have not been lucky enough to live in the path of a total solar eclipse. But I know there will be one here in the state of Texas, sometime in the year 2022. But, I won't be able to see it from here in El Paso. I will have to be somewhere in the Dallas/Fort worth area in order to observe it. Since I don't have my own transportation, I will have to go by train. The Amtrak goes through El Paso. So, I will have to save up some money for a train ticket to get there.
And now, I think it's time for a little bit of music. I'm sure you will all love this most inspirational song.
OK, I'm getting a little bit off topic here.
Anyway . . . . .
I remember, sometime back in 1994, while I was still living in Las Cruces, New Mexico, I use to sing at the Karaoke. One evening, there was this really beautiful, rather large woman who got up to sing "Total Eclipse of the Heart". She was a little taller than I am, and she looked like she weighed a good 350 pounds. She was wearing a long blue full-length dress, and she had beautiful long shoulder-length blond hair. What can I say? She was a really big and beautiful lady, with a voice like an opera singer. She was fantastic! Her voice was so beautiful, and so majestic, I actually broke down and cried. After she was done singing, I went to her table, and I bought us both a couple of drinks, some red wine, and we sat and talked for about an hour. She was with a couple of lady friends, and she was just passing through town. So, I never got a chance to see her again. We were like two ships passing in the night.
OK, in the meantime . . . back on topic again . . .
As I have mentioned previously in this topic, during a total solar eclipse, the dark umbra of the moon's shadow touches down on the earth's surface. The dark umbra is about 150 miles across while the lighter grey penumbra is about 300 miles across.
|The dark umbra and grey penumbra touching down on the earth during a total eclipse of the sun|
Of course, if you can get on board a jet plane flying fast enough, then you can chase the moon's shadow, and stay within the shadow, thus, extending the length of time in which to view the total solar eclipse. Professional astronomers often set up a telescope and camera on board a high altitude jet to chase the moon's shadow.
|A jet plane flying at a high speed and high altitude can chase the moon's shadow during a total eclipse|
OK, time for another music break!
Yeah! I also love being followed by a noon shadow. I wish I could chase the moon's shadow.
Now . . . back on topic again . . . . .
Now, wouldn't it be really nice if a total solar eclipse, or even an annular eclipse of the sun were to occur every month during every new moon? And also, wouldn't it be really nice if a total lunar eclipse of the moon were to occur every month during every full moon? Yes, that would be really nice. But alas, it's not to be!
OK, the reason why eclipses do not occur every month during a full moon or new moon is because, the moon's orbit around the earth is inclined (tilted) about 5 degrees to the plane of ecliptic, the plane of the earth's orbit around the sun. So, most of the time during a full moon, the moon passes either above or below the earth's shadow so that the earth won't cast a shadow on the moon, and most of the time during the new moon, the moon passes either above or below the sun, as seen from earth, so that the moon won't cast a shadow on the earth.
|The moon's orbit is inclined (tilted) about 5 degrees to the plane of ecliptic, the plane of the earth's orbit|
Again . . . . the plane of the moon's orbit around the earth is inclined about 5 degrees to the Plane of Ecliptic, the plane of the earth's orbit around the sun. When the moon's orbit crosses the Plane of Ecliptic, those are called the nodes of the moon's orbit, the Ascending Node, and the Descending Node.
The lunar nodes are the orbital nodes of the moon, that is, the points where the orbit of the moon crosses the plane of ecliptic. The Ascending Node is where the moon crosses to the north of the plane of ecliptic. The Descending Node is where the moon crosses to the south of the plane of ecliptic.
Eclipses occur only near the lunar nodes: Solar eclipses occur when the passage of the moon through a node coincides with the new moon; Lunar eclipses occur when passage of the moon through a node coincides with the full moon. A lunar eclipse may occur if there is a full moon within 11° 38' (Celestial Longitude), of a node, and a solar eclipse may occur if there is a new moon within 17° 25' of a node. So, the moon dose not have to be passing directly through an ascending or descending node, but at least, close enough to either an ascending or descending node.
The plane of the lunar orbit precesses in space, and hence, the lunar nodes precess around the ecliptic, completing a revolution (called a Draconic or Nodal Period, or the period of nutation) in 6798.3835 days or 18.612958 years.
So, an eclipse, either solar or lunar, only occurs when the ascending or descending nodes are lined up directly with the earth and sun, and when the moon happens to be passing through those nodes, or near enough to a node at the time of alignment. Only then, do eclipses occur.
Anyway . . . . . when the full moon does pass through the earth's shadow, we will see an lunar eclipse, and when the new moon passes directly in front of the sun, it will cast a round shadow, about 150 miles across, on the earth's surface, and anybody fortunate enough to live in the path of the shadow, will be lucky enough to see a solar eclipse. Of course, to see a solar eclipse, you have to find out when the next one will be, and where the path of the shadow will be, and travel to that particular location. This is why most people will probably never get to see a total solar eclipse in their lives, since not everybody is able to travel great distances around the world to where the moons shadow will be touching down on the earth. But, lunar eclipses are far more easily seen, because everyone who happens to live on the side of the earth facing the moon will get to see it.
So, I will have to travel there to see it. I think I will go by train. The Amtrak passes through El Paso. It's been many years since I have ever been on a train. And so, I'm really looking forward to that. Yeah! I love trains. I really love dem dar choo choos!
|In the year 2022, I will be taking the Amtrak to the Dallas/Fort Worth area to see the total solar eclipse|
Like . . . DUH!!! . . . Are they gonna be showin' it again the next night? Yeah! Uh huh!
Then, another person asked me if I knew when the next lunar eclipse will be . . . scheduled.
Uh . . . . . SCHEDULED???
Did he say . . . SCHEDULED???
Astronomical occurrences, such as eclipses are NOT scheduled events. Astronomers can predict when future eclipses will occur, So, these things can be predicted, but they can not be scheduled!!! We have no control over when these things will occur. Astronomers can only predict them.
So . . . . . I would have to say, to that moron . . . sorry Jimbo Bubbah Booey . . . but if you missed last night's eclipse, you'll just have to look up when the next one will happen, and you'll probably have to wait several months for the next eclipse. Yeah! sorry . . . but there are no repeat performances! Got it?
Anyway . . . . .
I got to talk to several people who had seen the lunar eclipse, and of course, just about everyone of those who saw it, had thoroughly enjoyed it. But one middle-aged lady thought that the eclipse was kind of scary. Yeah! It actually scared her! To me, eclipses are NOT scary! Eclipses are beautiful and awe inspiring!
I remember seeing my very first lunar eclipse when I was 9 about years old. This was back in the early 1960s, when I had heard about the lunar eclipse that would be seen that night on the NEWS with Walter Cronkite. There was never any talk about gloom and doom.
But now, here in the 21st century, I find myself having to debunk right-wing Republican Christian Creationist STUPIDITY! OH! THE STUPID! IT BURNS!!!
|Also, good protection when seeing right-wing Republicans on TV, or when you encounter stupid people!|
But, in the meantime . . . . .
I have covered as much of the science as I could in a single article on solar and lunar eclipses, and in the future, I will be doing more science articles. It takes time to do the research, and get all the facts together.
And also . . . in some more future articles I shall be debunking even more of these right-wing Republican and Christard Funny-mentalist idiots with their moronic retardation in my upcoming series of articles which will be titled Debunction Junction.
|Welcome to Debunction Junstion. All aboard the Midnight Science Express!|
Anyway . . . I hope that you will all climb aboard the Midnight Science Express as we pull out of Debunction Junction and begin one of our many journeys as we will be traveling through the dangerous realm of stupidity and exploring the Land of the Tards. Passengers will be well advised to stay on board the train because the tards out there can be quit hostile and very dangerous.
In my upcoming series of Debunction Junction, our first stop-over will be at the Creation Museum in Kentucky where science communicator Bill Nye had debated Ken Ham at Ham’s very own Creation Museum. In an exit poll, about 92% percent said that Bill Nye, The Science Guy, had won the debate, while only about 8% percent thought that Ken Ham, the Christian Fundamentalist Creationist retard had won the debate. This exit poll had been conducted by the Christian evangelical website at Christian Today, which said that Bill Nye, The Science Guy had won!
Yes! A Christian organization had to be honest, and had to admit that Bill Nye won the debate with Ken Ham. So, it looks like Ken Ham got his bitch-ass served up to him on a silver platter, on his very own home turf! Yeah! Now that was sweet! Real sweet!
And also . . . during our first stop-over, we will also get to examine the Biblical story in the book of Genesis, concerning the fabled Noah's Ark, THE FAIL BOAT!!!
And so, we now come to the conclusion of this article.
Now, time for another song. OK?
Bad Moon Rising - Creedence Clearwater Revival - (CCR)Lyrics on screenWell . . . . . I hope you all enjoyed the music in this article. While I do like the song, Bad Moon Rising, and I think it's really cool, and all that . . . . . I never thought of a total lunar eclipse as a bad moon, or any moon as a bad moon. I think all moons are beautiful, especially a blood red total lunar eclipse.
Yeah! That night it was a really good moon.
And finally, a few more songs. Actually, two songs in the next video.
The first song is about lunacy, since this topic has been about the moon, and about all the religious lunacy concerning this recent total lunar eclipse, and . . . . . the second song having to do with an eclipse.
And finally, one last song.
And so . . . this was the very last song, The Moonlight Sonata. Most appropriate for ending
a topic about total lunar eclipses, and Astronomy in general.
Oh! While listening to this last video, turn up the volume to the max, wait for the police, and offer
them a beer, and a cigar!!!
Anyway . . . . . . .
And speaking of moons . . . . .
|We are too big for our britches! We go about mooning the world!|